The Spanish Armada (Spanish: Grande y Felicísima Armada, lit. 'Great and Most Fortunate Navy') was a Habsburg Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from Corunna in late May 1588, under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia, with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England
The Spanish Armada set sail from Spain in July 1588, with the mission of overthrowing the Protestant Queen Elizabeth I and restoring Catholic rule over England. Many years previously in the early 1530s, under instruction from Elizabeth’s father King Henry VIII, the Protestant Church of England had broken away from the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church. Elizabeth then appears to have adopted some very clever delaying tactic. ill I, or won’t I? And whilst all this procrastination was going on on one side of the Atlantic, English ships captained by ‘pirates’ such as Drake, Frobisher and Hawkins were mercilessly plundering Spanish ships and territories in the Americas. To the English, Drake and his fellow ‘sea-dogs’ were heroes, but to the Spanish they were no more than privateers who went about their business of raiding and robbing with the full knowledge and approval of their queen.
King Phillip II of Spain’s Armada proved to be an expensive disaster but it made Queen Elizabeth I a formidable ruler and Sir Francis Drake a hero. Philip's plan was that an armada of 130 ships would sail to the Netherlands, pick up 30,000 Spanish troops and invade England. However, the Armada was delayed by an English attack on Cadiz harbour in 1587 where Drake made off with gold treaures and destroyed over 100 Spanish ships. In 1588, Philip's Armada finally set sail. When the Armada anchored at Calais, the English used fireships to scatter the Spanish fleet and then attack it at the Battle of Gravelines in July 1588
The story of the Spanish Armada, King Philip of Spain's attempt to invade England and overthrow Queen Elizabeth I. Part of the Britain Express guide to English history. The Spanish Fleet Philip began preparing his invasion force as early as 1584. The Duke was an experienced warrior - on land. He had no naval background, and no interest in leading the Armada, as the invasion fleet came to be called. He begged to be dismissed, but Philip ignored the request. Cadiz Despite Spanish precautions, the English were well aware of the Spanish preparations.
The Spanish Armada was a naval force sent by Philip II of Spain in May 1588 to join up with a Spanish army coming from the. The Armada was able to regroup in the North Sea but strong south-westerly winds prevented it from returning to the Channel and English ships then chased it up the east coast of England. This left the Spanish ships with no alternative but to journey home via the top of Scotland and down past the west coast of Ireland – a risky route. The Armada was forced to take a risky route back home. 9. The English fleet didn’t actually sink or capture many Spanish ships. The Armada returned home with only around two-thirds of its ships
Spanish Armada, the great fleet sent by King Philip II in 1588 to invade England with a Spanish army from Flanders; it was defeated. After nearly two years’ preparation and prolonged delays, the Armada sailed from Lisbon in May 1588 under the command of the duke of Medina-Sidonia, a replacement for Spain’s most distinguished admiral, the marquess de Santa Cruz, who had died in February. Medina-Sidonia was an experienced administrator who proved to be resolute and capable in action, but he had relatively little sea experience.
The Spanish Armada 1588 Elizabeth I Queen of England in 1559 a peace treaty was signed between England, France and Spain ensuring peace to Europe. The Spanish Armada on 29th July 1588 was under the control of Admiral Duke of Medina Sidonia, made its way towards English western Channel with 130 ships and apparently 30,000 men. Duke of Medina Sidonia was a very rich and successful general but had never been to sea before and was often seasick. Spain had the world’s then largest naval fleet. Lord Howard of Effingham was the commander for defending English fleet, including ships captained by Francis Drake, Martin Frobisher and John Hawkins. The Essay on Jose P Rizal Philippines Spanish Spain.
Elizabeth I ruled England for 44 busy years. The Spanish Armada was an enormous 130-ship naval fleet dispatched by Spain in 1588 as part of a planned invasion of England. Following years of hostilities between Spain and England, King Philip II of Spain assembled the flotilla in the hope of removing Protestant Queen Elizabeth from the throne and restoring the Roman Catholic faith in England